Health Promotion Wellness SIG
The purpose of the Health Promotion and Wellness SIG is to enhance health promotion and wellness practice among physical therapy professionals working with older adults.
The SIG supports this goal through education, clinical practice, research, and partnership with other health promotion organizations and initiatives.
The SIG fosters health promotion and wellness through educational programs at national meetings, webinars and research blasts. SIG members also contribute to the section listserv and website, write GeriNotes articles highlighting wellness news, and participate in other section activities promoting implementation of wellness initiatives and practice.
There are many opportunities for participation, so please consider getting involved! To participate or learn more about current SIG activities and projects, contact the SIG chair.
HP & W SIG LEADERSHIP
Cathy Stucker, PT, DSc, CMPT
- Vice Chair
Jessica Maxwell, PT, DPT, PhD
Jennifer Sidelinker, PT, DPT
Health Promotion & Wellness SIG Member Resources
For descriptions and resources related to evidence-based health promotion programs, including those that have undergone the Administration for Community Living Administration on Aging’s Older Americans Act Title IIID program submission process please see the National Council on Aging’s Center for Healthy Aging.
Physical Activity: A Key to Successful Aging PowerPoint
- Presentation intended for community audiences
- Download Here
WEBINAR: Annual PT Exam for Older Community-Dwelling Adults: Filtering the Data and Developing a Plan Instructor: Jennifer M. Gamboa, DPT, OCS, MTC
Health Promotion & Wellness Blasts
The Health Promotion and Wellness SIG has posted a new blast cast titled Smartphones and Wearable Activity Trackers to Measure and Promote Physical Activity. As physical therapists and physical therapist’s assistants we regularly engage in promoting active lifestyles and assisting patients with physical activity behavior changes. It is important for us to be familiar with the measurement accuracy and effectiveness of popular technology for monitoring physical activity. The goal of this blast cast is to provide readers with contemporary references about: (a) the accuracy of some of the most popular devices and applications for tracking physical activity and (b) how they may be used to promote activity among patients.
The blast cast can be found at https://geriatricspt.org/?au9i0h
Please direct questions or comments about the blast cast to Gina Pariser, Vice Chair-HPW SIG (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Addressing Sedentary Behavior
In addition to exercising regularly, there is growing evidence that reducing sedentary behavior (independent of exercise) may play a significant role in reducing chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes, and minimizing declines in mobility associated with aging. Hence, a new model for physical activity promotion that emphasizes reducing sedentary behavior and increasing time spent doing light-intensity activities, such as standing and walking short distances, has been advocated. Increased sedentary behavior in aging adults may be associated with fatigue and musculoskeletal pain. Physical therapists and assistants possess the expertise needed to help older adults reduce sedentary behavior and engage in more light-intensity activity comfortably.
Following are annotated abstracts of three contemporary articles related to this topic as well as links to the published abstracts Happy reading and please share your interventions for reducing sedentary behavior on the APTA Geriatrics listserv. A goal of the HPW SIG is to develop a database of references pertinent to physical therapy involvement in health promotion and wellness and to generate related discussion.
Reducing Sedentary Behavior: A New Paradigm in Physical Activity Promotion. Marshall S, Ramierz E. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. 2011: 5(6) 518-530.
There is a paucity of literature on interventions to reduce sedentary behavior. The purpose of this article was to propose a 5-phase framework outlining a series of steps for reducing sedentary behavior and ultimately improving public health. The 5 phases include: 1. Research on causal relationships between sedentary behavior and health, 2. Development of valid measurements of sedentary behavior, 3. Identification of modifiable correlates of sedentary behavior, 4. Development of interventions to reduce physical inactivity, and 5. Implementation and evaluation of the effectiveness of proposed interventions.
Addressing the Nonexercise Part of the Activity Continuum: A More Realistic and Achievable Approach to Activity Programming for Adults with Mobility Disability. Manns P, Dunstan D, Own N, Healy G. Physical Therapy, 2012: 92(4): 614-625.
Major purposes of this article are to discuss: (a) what is known about the consequences of sedentary behavior in adults with and without mobility disability (defined as impairments that limit the way adults walk or move within the home or community) and (b) clinical implications related to reducing sedentary behavior in adults with mobility disability. Examples focus on adults with stroke and spinal cord injury.
American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand. Quantity and Quality of Exercise for Developing and Maintaining Cardiorespiratory, Musculoskeletal and Neuromotor Fitness in Apparently Healthy Adults: Guidance for Prescribing Exercise. Garber CE, Blissmer B, Deschenes MR, et al. Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise. 2011: 43(7) 1334-1359.
The purpose of this most recent Position Stand from the American College of Sports Medicine is to help guide health professionals who prescribe individualized exercise to apparently healthy adults of all ages. The ACSM recommends that most adults engage in:
- moderate-intensity aerobic exercise for > 30 min/day on > 5 days/week (totaling 150 min/week), or vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise > 20 min/day on > 3 days/week (totaling to > 75 min/week), or a combination of moderate and vigorous exercise to achieve a total energy expenditure of > 500 to 1000 MET min/week.
- resistance exercise and neuromotor exercise (involving balance and coordination) on 2-3 days/week
- flexibility exercise on > 2 days/week
The ACSM states that the exercise program should be modified according to the individual’s physical function, health status, physical activity behaviors, and goals. This Position Stand provides an excellent summary of quantity and quality of scientific evidence on the benefits of physical activity and exercise prescription.
Special thanks to Gina Pariser, PT, PhD and Jen Sidelinker, PT, GCS for developing this research update. Anyone interested in assisting with future updates are welcome to contact Gina Pariser email@example.com.
As physical therapist we are regularly involved in motivating people with different backgrounds, personalities, and goals. The goal of this HPW blast cast series is to help physical therapy professionals keep up to date on current evidence and best practices related to motivating patients to adopt healthy behaviors. The series will include three blast casts. The purpose of this first blast cast is to highlight some resources that may be helpful to you in updating your knowledge related to behavior change theories and techniques. The planned purpose for the second blast cast is to acknowledge barriers physical therapist’s may face in implementing patient motivation best practices and discuss ideas for overcoming these barriers. The third, and final, blast cast in the series will be about motivating patients within a continuum of care with emphasis on physical therapy referral and partnerships with evidence-based chronic disease self-management programs.
In this first blast cast we have tried to offer a little something for everyone, whether it is in bite size or full meal portions, print or podcasts.
Models and Techniques for Health Behavior Change (Print Resources):
- Theories of behavior change. Communication for Governance and Accountability Program, The World Bank, Washington, DC. This easy to read document consists of overviews of contemporary behavior change theories as well as ways these theories may inform your practice.
Click on the link below to access the information (Note: cut/pasting the link may be necessary with some browsers):
- The handbook of health behavior change. 3rd edition. Editors: SA Shumaker, JK Ockene, A Riekert. Springe Publishing Co, 2008.
- A matter of motivationbyCharles Hayhurst. This PT in Motion article (August 2013) includes patient-centered practical tips and strategies for motivating behavior change in our patients, while being mindful of and sensitive to their stage of readiness for change.
- Best practices for physical activity programs and behavior counseling in older adult populations. Cress ME, Buckner DM, Prohaska T, Rimmer J, Brown M, et al. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 13, pp 61-74; 2005. This article summarizes best practices for promoting physical activity in older adults, especially those with chronic disease and low levels of physical activity and fitness. Full text available through APTA’s Open Door.
- Physical activity behavior change in persons with neurologic disorders: Overview and examples from Parkinson Disease and Multiple Sclerosis. Ellis T, Motl RW. Journal of Neurological Physical Therapy. 37, pp 85-89; 2013. This article summarizes current evidence on the prevalence of profound physical inactivity in individuals with physical disability, and the known benefits of physical activity for those with PD and MS. The Social Cognitive Theory is described suggested as an effective strategy for facilitating physical activity behavior change in these populations. Full text available to Neurology Section members.
Models and Techniques for Health Behavior Change (Audio Resources):
- APTA’s Health Behavior Change webpage includes podcasts, articles, and links to sites providing information and tools for PTs
- The APTA Learning Center offers a webinar “Motivating Patients: A Clinical Competency for PTs and PTAs
Special thanks to Gina Pariser, PT, PhD and Jen Sidelinker, PT, GCS for developing this Blast Cast. Anyone interested in assisting with future updates are welcome to contact Gina Pariser firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Connect to the APTA’S Prevention and Health Promotion Community
- Connect with colleagues, post, and discuss innovative practices for prevention, wellness, fitness, health promotion, and management of disease and disability.
- Prevention, Wellness, and Disease Management
- Links to Annual PT Checkup, physical fitness for special populations, APTA policies, Medicare coverage, and other resources
- Arthritis Management Through Community-Based Programs
- Overview, research support, and decision-making guide for appropriate selection of CDC & APTA endorsed evidence-based community programs for arthritis management
- Fit After 50 Campaign
- Includes downloadable brochure developed by the HPW SIG in collaboration with APTA
- Health Behavior Change
- Links to models of behavior change, a podcast series, and other resources
- Age Well
- Health tips for aging well from www.ChoosePT.com
- APTA Learning Center
- Prevention and Wellness offerings in the categories of prevention and health promotion, disease management, and population health
- Individual e-learning opportunities such as Why an Annual PT Checkup Should and Could be a Service Your Clinic Offers, Promoting Active Aging Through Evidence-based Community Programs, Private Practice Silos Redefined: The New World of Population Health and Prevention, and many others
Annual Physical Therapy Visit for Aging Adults
- Instruction Manual Annual Physical Therapy Visit for Aging Adults
- Intake Form Annual Physical Therapy Visit for Aging Adults
- Form for Documentation of annual PT Visit for Aging Adults
- Participant Report Card for Annual PT Visit for Aging Adults
- Form for Referrals as Follow-up to Annual PT Visit for Aging Adults
National Agency Resources & Initiatives
- US Administration on Aging (AoA)
- Housed within the Administration of Community Living of the US Department of Health and Human Services designated to carry out the provisions of the Older Americans Act of 1965. Includes support for health, prevention and wellness programs as well as other services.
- Learn more about evidence-based programs and AoA Title IIID funding
- CDC Arthritis
- Intervention program descriptions, support, and other resources
- CDC Healthy Aging Topics
- Includes resources for promoting and providing clinical preventive services among middle-aged and older adults, and the 2013 State of Aging and Health in America Report
- CDC Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity
- Includes easy-to-use calculators and downloadable resources
- CDC Health Literacy
- Includes resources for material development, messaging, and free training programs
- Health.gov Health Communication, Literacy and e-Health
- Numerous resources and guides for health literacy improvements, including online resources and the National Action Plan to Improve Health Literacy
- Healthy People
- Health indicators, development of Healthy People 2030, evidence-based recommendations, and federal initiatives
- Subscribe to Healthy People email updates
- The Million Hearts Initiative
- Tools and resources to support this CDC heart disease and stroke prevention initiative
- National Council on Aging, Center for Healthy Aging
- Evidence-based health promotion and disease prevention program descriptions, resources and toolkits.
- National Institute on Aging Go4Life Exercise and Physical Activity campaign
- Exercise illustrations, videos, tracking forms, and coaching tips
- Free DVD available
- Office of the Surgeon General
- Healthy Aging in Action Report, National Prevention Strategy, Step it Up! The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Promote Walking and Walkable Communities, plus other resources
- Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (US Department of Health and Human Services)
- National guidelines for physical activity for all ages
- Staying Healthy Through Education and Prevention (STEP)
- AHRQ guide for continuing care retirement community implementation of the Staying Healthy Through Education and Prevention (STEP) program
Organizations & Initiatives
- Arthritis Foundation
- Better Living Toolkit, exercise and fitness tools, resource finder, pain management resources
- Exercise is Medicine
- Exercise tips and resources, Healthcare Providers Action Guide, exercise referrals and community initiatives across the lifespan
- International Council on Active Aging
- Interdisciplinary organization dedicated to promoting active aging as a solution to improving quality of life for older adults. Sponsor of Active Aging Week in September of each year. Wellness articles, videos, and webinars available.
- National Physical Activity Society
- Promotes physical activity across all sectors of society through building partnerships. Webinars, ACSM/NPAS Physical Activity in Public Health Specialist (PAPHS) certification exam preparation, free membership, and other resources available.
- The Guide to Community Preventative Services
- Guide to promote healthier communities